Often noted for its stark beauty, the Big Bend was described by the historian Walter Prescott Webb as "the finest example of earth-wreckage in Texas". 3.9K likes. [35]. For the 2010 census it was split into two CDPs, Study Butte and Terlingua. The mountain system covers 40 square miles and is contained entirely within the boundaries of Big Bend National Park, making it the only mountain range in the United States fully contained within a national park. Farm to Market Road 170 is a 114.6-mile (184.4 km) highway maintained by the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) in Presidio and Brewster counties in Texas. A year later, a second camel expedition under 2d Lt. William Echols also explored along the Rio Grande. The road also passes through the southern portion of Big Bend Ranch State Park. [5], Spanish explorers Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca in 1535 and Antonio de Espejo in 1583 crossed Brewster County on their way to La Junta de los Ríos, the junction of the Rio Grande and the Rio Conchos. [5], From the turn of the 20th century through World War II, the Terlingua Mining District was a boom town due to the extraction of cinnabar, a mercury ore, in the Chisos Mountains. The closest major town is Presidio, Texas, where the state park's head office is located. Boquillas was a small settlement in Texas, located on the northern banks of the Rio Grande. The racial makeup of the county was 81.09% White, 1.22% Black or African American, 0.85% Native American, 0.37% Asian], 0.06% Pacific Islander, 13.44% from other races, and 2.98% from two or more races. [2] The county is named for Colonel Henry Percy Brewster, a Secretary of War for the Republic of Texas. In the southern lowlands along the Rio Grande, snowfall is uncommon, rainfall much reduced, and summer high temperatures can be extreme. The World Championship Chili Cookoff at Terlingua began as a tongue-in-cheek challenge between Wick Fowler and humorist H. Allen Smith in 1967 and has become a November tradition, celebrated across the state and nation. Chandler explored Santa Elena Canyon, the Chisos Mountains Mariscal Canyon, and Boquillas Canyon. In 1962, The Dallas Morning News columnist Francis X. Tolbert published his ode to chili Bowl of Red and founded the Chili Appreciation Society. LandWatch data lists over $788 million of rural properties , ranches and hunting land for sale in Brewster County. As the mines and wax factories played out after World War I, raiders from across the border abated. State Highway 118 is a 155.3-mile (249.9 km) state highway in the U.S. state of Texas that runs from Big Bend National Park north to Kent and passes through the towns of Study Butte, Alpine, and Fort Davis. [31], Terlingua produced 40% of the nation's quicksilver in 1920, but declining population has since qualified it as a ghost town. It is on the Rio Grande, which forms the Mexican border. [32]. Brewster County is the largest county by area in the state - at 6,192 square miles (16,040 km2) it is over three times the size of the state of Delaware, and more than 500 square miles (1,300 km2) bigger than Connecticut. In 1935, the United States Congress passed legislation founding it as a national park. The population density was 1 person per square mile (1/km2). Brewster County Game Warden contact information from Texas Parks & Wildlife Department. The discovery of cinnabar, from which the metal mercury is extracted, in the mid-1880s brought miners to the area, creating a city of 2,000 people. Only nine soldiers had been stationed in the area for protection against the bandits. [13], In response to threats of ongoing Indian attacks, Camp Peña Colorado was established in 1879 a few miles south of the future site of Marathon. Murphyville, later renamed Alpine, was selected as county seat. Big Bend opened to the public in 1944. Alpine is a city in and the county seat of Brewster County, Texas, United States. Although a number of events took place to effect policy change, the tipping point was the May 5, 1916 raid at Glenn Spring. The mineral terlinguaite was first found in the vicinity of California Hill. Fellow columnist Wick Fowler joined in the fun and became a charter member. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 6,192 square miles (16,040 km2), of which 6,184 square miles (16,020 km2) are land and 8.5 square miles (22 km2) (0.1%) are covered by water. It is the most mountainous and arid portion of the state, and most of its vast area is sparsely populated. About 12.60% of families and 18.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.80% of those under age 18 and 13.00% of those age 65 or over. About 32.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. 29 Homes For Sale in Brewster County, TX. Arick Village, Texas is the unofficial name of a portion of the Terlingua Ranch unincorporated community located in Brewster County, Texas. [23] Sul Ross University, named for Texas Governor Lawrence Sullivan Ross, was created by an act of the 35th Legislature in 1917 as a state normal college to train teachers. Presidio County is in the Trans-Pecos region of West Texas and is named for the ancient border settlement of Presidio del Norte. The raid caused a larger military presence in the area. In 1962, The Dallas Morning News columnist Francis X. Tolbert published his ode to chili Bowl of Red and founded the Chili Appreciation Society. As of the 2015 Texas population estimate program, the population of the county was 9,152: non-Hispanic whites, 4,934 (53.9%); non-Hispanic blacks, 76 (0.8%); other non-Hispanics, 261 (2.9%); and Hispanics and Latinos (of any race), 3,881 (42.4%). About 43.6% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race. About 42.4% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). The location was first settled in 1901 by Cipriano Hernandez, who farmed the area and built the original Castolon Store, now known as the Alvino House. [7], Pedro de Rábago y Terán, Governor of Coahuila in the 1740s, led an expedition to La Junta de los Ríos. The raid caused a larger military presence in the area. [17] [18] [19], Legendary lawman and later Texas Rangers Hall of Fame member James B. Gillett served as sheriff of Brewster County, and operated a ranch in Alpine in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. In June 1915, Governor James E. Ferguson asked President Woodrow Wilson to station troops in the Big Bend. The county-level tracker makes it easy to follow COVID-19 cases on a granular level, as does the ability to break Brewster County Courthouse 201 W. Ave. E Alpine, Texas Facebook is showing information to help you better understand the purpose of a Page. [1] Its county seat and only city is Alpine. About 12.60% of families and 18.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.80% of those under age 18 and 13.00% of those age 65 or over. The geographic region known as the Big Bend is a loosely defined section of the Trans-Pecos, although generally agreed to comprise its more southern portions. 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