Populus fremontii S. Watson – Fremont cottonwood Subordinate Taxa. It is a photoautotroph. This large, deep-rooted tree grows in washes, canyons, and bottomlands with surface or at least subsurface water. We're on the ground in seven regions across the country, collaborating with 53 state and territory affiliates to reverse the crisis and ensure wildlife thrive. Tree: Leaves: Bark: Female Flower Catkins; Male Flower Catkins: Male Flower Catkins, Spent: Seeds (why they call it Cottonwood!) Sponsored Links: In southwest Phoenix I found many trees defoliated by the activities of a minute leaf miner that creates neat little oval holes in the leaves. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. It is native to United States and North America. The ends of the twigs are usually covered with a brown balsam-scented resin. Cottonwood Tree Cultural Needs. [3] In the United States, the species can be found in California, Idaho, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, and Colorado. Populus fremontii, commonly known as Frémont's cottonwood, is a cottonwood (and thus a poplar) native to riparian zones of the Southwestern United States and northern through central Mexico. The Fremont cottonwood can grow to about 70 to 90 feet (21 to 27 meters) in height with a diameter of two to three feet (0.6 to 0.9 meters). Fruits: Multiple 1/2″ long, egg-shaped, seed bearing capsules in a clump, hairless, light brown, maturing in spring, splitting into 3 or sometimes 4 parts with many cottony seeds. It occurs naturally in mixed woodlands or along streams below 9,000′. The larvae are black and have white spots. • From 2,000 to 6,500 feet, mostly in the southern portion of the region. The dangling leaves clatter in the wind. Yellow-green. The Pima people of southern Arizona and northern Mexico lived along Sonoran Desert watercourses and used twigs from the tree in the fine and intricate baskets they wove. The bark is smooth in younger trees, becoming deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age. Tree Characteristics. The Fremont cottonwood is a very fast-growing tree. Glossy yellow-green leaves are virtually triangular with coarsley toothed margins 2" to 4" in width. Leaves of Fremont’s Cottonwood. Even the hint of a breeze sets the bright green leaves fluttering. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Populus fremontii . General: Fremont's Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is a tall, stately tree with a rounded top, heart-shaped leaves, and thick gray, furrowed bark.. Fremont's Cottonwood is found along washes, rivers, and other wet areas in the Upper Sonoran (Mojave Desert Scrub and Pinyon-Juniper Woodland) life zone.Family: Willow (Salicaceae).. Other Names: . • Usually occurs with coyote willow. It can also grow to taller heights and have a wider trunk. The flowers are yellow-green in color and appear in early spring. They prefer cottonwood… Common Name: COTTONWOOD Habit: Tree.Stem: 40 m; young bark smooth, pale yellow-green to gray; older bark furrowed, brown to gray; twigs with swellings below leaf scars; winter bud generally resinous, scales > 3.Leaf: juvenile, adult, late-season leaves may differ in size, shape, hairiness; generally glabrous; blade 3--11 cm, elliptic to deltate, veins pinnate or +- palmate, tip generally elongate. WESTERN COTTONWOOD, FREMONT COTTONWOOD, GILA COTTONWOOD. fremontii Sometimes exceeding 100 feet in height with a 4-foot diameter, this subspecies grows in the Southwest and is the common cottonwood in California. Small Summer Cottonwood Buds and Leaves (Photo By: Dave Powell, USDA Forest Service / Wikimedia Commons. drought tolerant. Fast-growing, Populus fremontii (Western Cottonwood) is an upright-spreading deciduous tree with stout branches clad with heart-shaped, bright green leaves turning a lovely yellow in fall. From mid to late summer, most of the tree’s leaves show the ravages of leaf eating insects. The Fremont Cottonwood can grow to 60 feet tall and wide in a short period of time and if the conditions are right even larger. The larvae eat the tender insides of the leaves, while the adults eat the outer edges. The National Wildlife Federation is providing resources to help families and caregivers across the country provide meaningful educational opportunities and safe outdoor experiences for children during these incredibly difficult times. [7], Two subspecies are currently recognized. The larvae are black and have white spots. The crown is wide and the trunk deeply grooved. In closed stands, the trunk may as… [10], John C. Frémont botanical nomenclature eponyms, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Populus_fremontii&oldid=995101015, Natural history of the California Coast Ranges, Natural history of the Central Valley (California), Natural history of the Lower Colorado River Valley, Natural history of the Santa Monica Mountains, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 06:24. Has Deciduous foliage. Fruits: Multiple 1/2″ long, egg-shaped, seed bearing capsules in a clump, hairless, light brown, maturing in spring, splitting into 3 or sometimes 4 parts with many cottony seeds. Once cottonwoods start to die, cavities in the trees are used by over 40 animal species for nesting or roosting. Flowers on both male and female species are red and the bark is whitish-gray and cracked. Yellow-green. Many of the small groves of Fremont Cottonwood burned in the fire of 2008 so I have few good photos of this tree. Identification: Habit: Populus fremontii is a deciduous tree that has an open habit with thick, broadly spread branches. • Usually occurs with coyote willow. Hollowed trees are used by hibernating bears and sometimes bats. Beavers, once a dominant aquatic mammal in riparian systems, have been significantly reduced in many riparian areas through trapping, shooting, in-stream flow reductions, and other factors. Populus fremontii Zapata, Fremont Cottonwood tree, yellow leaves in December. Aigeiros. Does not like wet feet. Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year. Fremont's cottonwood is a native tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the American Southwest. The fruit is a wind dispersed achene, that appears to look like patches of cotton hanging from limbs, thus the name cottonwood. Eastern cottonwood (P. deltoides), nearly 30 metres (100 feet) tall, has thick glossy leaves. Cottonwoods provide very important habitat for many birds. These may either be gray or green in color. Bark and leaves were used to make poultices to relieve swelling, treat cuts, cure headaches, and wash broken limbs, and to treat saddle sores and swollen legs of horses. Eastern cottonwood (P. deltoides), nearly 30 metres (100 feet) tall, has thick glossy leaves. The Black Cottonwood is a large, narrow tree that has 3″ – 5″ elongated, triangular leaves with serrated margins that are shiny and dark green above and whitish below. Populus fremontii S. Watson – Fremont cottonwood Subordinate Taxa. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. The 3–7 centimetres (1.2–2.8 in) long leaves, are cordate (heart-shaped) with an elongate tip, with white veins and coarse crenate teeth along the sides, glabrous to hairy, and often stained with milky resin. The tree was named after 19th century American explorer and pathfinder John C. Frémont. Family: Salicaceae, Willow Family [18] Fremont Cottonwood … Populus fremontii, commonly known as Frémont's cottonwood[1], is a cottonwood (and thus a poplar) native to riparian zones of the Southwestern United States and northern through central Mexico. Cottonwood Leaf Beetle. Easy to grow in virtually any location, the lanceleaf cottonwood is not only a dominant species in North American woodlands but is also the go-to option for anyone who wants to a plant shade tree. Lanceleaf Cottonwood. Fremont's cottonwood is one of several species which constitutes the majority of the diet of beavers (Castor canadensis) (Stromberg 1993). It is in flower from March to April, and the seeds ripen in April. Populus fremontii ssp. Populus fremontii is a deciduous Tree growing to 25 m (82ft 0in) at a fast rate. It occurs naturally in mixed woodlands or along streams below 9,000′. of cotton. Southwest. Seeds: Hanging clusters of fruit dispense cotton-like seed (May-June). The inner bark of Frémont's cottonwood contains vitamin C and was chewed as an antiscorbutic, or treatment for vitamin C deficiency. Western Cottonwood. Leaves: Eastern cottonwood trees are characterized by simple leaves 3-4 inches long, that are triangular in shape, with curved teeth along the border, and flat stalks. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. Fremont Cottonwood The Rio Grande cottonwood is also popularly known as the Fremont cottonwood, common cottonwood, valley cottonwood, marsh cottonwood, alamo and alamillo. Individuals can grow to 22 m. [9] The Hopi of Northeastern Arizona carve the root of the cottonwood to create kachina dolls. They are most abundant in areas near water. Search, discover, and learn about wildlife. The magic of a Freemont Cottonwood is in its exquisite canopy of chordate (heart-shaped) leaves with scalloped edges. Fremont cottonwood Populus fremontii. On mature trees, the ash-gray bark is divided into thick, flattened ridges, separated by deep fissures. The Rio Grande cottonwood, a welcome sight to pioneers in the desert because it often signaled water, typically reaches 50 to 60 feet in height, with a trunk of three feet in diameter. Fallen Fremont Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, leaves on cracking mud after a flash flood near Moon House Ruin on Cedar Mesa, once part of Bears Ears N Eastern Cottonwood Tree (Populus deltoides) , early Summer, E USA, by Bruce Montagne/Dembinsky Photo Assoc. Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space. Native to California and central Rockies south to Mexico. Common Name: Fremont Cottonwood. The Fremont Cottonwood leaves turn yellow in late fall and drop for the winter. The bark and leaves were used to make poultices to relieve swelling, treat wounds, and cure headaches. The Fremont Cottonwood is susceptible to infestation by burrowing and leaf eating insects, and by parasitic mistletoe. It is dioecious, meaning it can have either male or female reproductive parts. Individuals can grow to 22 m. Fremont Cottonwood Populus fremontii. Has Deciduous foliage. In early-mid spring, clusters of long drooping catkins appear on separate male and female trees. The bark and leaves could be used to make poultices to reduce inflammation or to treat wounds. Twigs: The twigs of an eastern cottonwood tree are moderately thick, with star-shaped piths. • From 2,000 to 6,500 feet, mostly in the southern portion of the region. Fremont Cottonwood Leaves Flowers: Catkins 2-3 1/2″ long, reddish; male and female on separate trees in early spring. Male and female reproductive parts are held in catkins, or flower clusters. Its leaves are shiny, triangular to heart-shaped, and light green with white veins. Fremont cottonwood Populus fremontii. Bark is rough and fissured, light gray to whitish. Its scientific name reflects its membership in the poplar family, which includes the poplars, the aspens and the other cottonwood species. The bark of the young trees and upper limbs of older trees are smooth whitish-gray. Flowers: Male flowers bright red, female flowers green (March-April). Plant Lists: View Information About Other Plants Flowers of Fremont’s Cottonwood. Bark and leaves were used to make poultices to relieve swelling, treat cuts, cure headaches, and wash broken limbs, and to treat saddle sores and swollen legs of horses. The tree is native to the Southwestern United States and Mexico. The leaves are attached to branches loosely and flutter in the wind. 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